BRICONNET, Guillaume

(c. 1472-1534)
Guillaume Briconnet was an influential Catholic reformer who through his Meaux Group created a uniquely French approach to the Reformation. Briconnet was the second of the five surviving children of Guillaume Briconnet; his family had a long tradition of service to the kings of France. The elder Briconnet was the counsellor of the French king Charles VIII. After his wife's death, he entered holy orders and received several ecclesiastical dignities, including the position of cardinal. The younger Briconnet received a humanist education and studied law.
Briconnet accepted the position of bishop of Lodeve in 1489 while still a student. He became the queen's chaplain in 1496 and a canon of Paris in 1503. He succeeded his father as the abbot of Saint-Germain-des-Prés and became bishop of Meaux in 1516. Briconnet held these and other offices concurrently. He also served the French king in various capacities. King Louis XII sent him to Rome in 1507 on a diplomatic mission. Briconnet later took part in the Council of Pisa (1511) and negotiated the Concordat of Bologna with Pope Leo X* on behalf of King Francois I* (1516-17).
Briconnet attempted to reform his diocese of Meaux. He made frequent vis­itations, encouraged devotion to the Eucharist and the Virgin Mary, and pro­moted a religous revival by means of sermons and tracts printed in the episcopal residence. Finding his priests lacking or absent, he divided his diocese into thirty-two preaching positions and encouraged scriptural preaching in the ver­nacular. After Jacques Lefevre d'Etaples's* French translation of the New Testament was published in 1523, Meaux became a center of religious reviv­alism in France that was protected by Francois I's sister Marguerite de Navarre.*
Briconnet created the Meaux Group, bringing noted humanists such as Le­fevre into his diocese for biblical studies and preaching. While Briconnet sought to combine humanism with biblical study in order to reform the church outside of his diocese, several members of the Meaux Group became attracted to Lu­theran theology and began to question the veneration of saints, purgatory, and prayers for the dead. Although Briconnet himself had condemned Lutheranism, he still had to appear twice before the Parlement of Paris on suspicion of heresy. During Francois I's captivity in Spain following the disastrous Battle of Pavia (1525), the Parisian Faculty of Theology and the Parlement of Paris joined forces and had the Meaux Group dispersed.
Through the Meaux Group, Briconnet created a French approach to the Ref­ormation. Briconnet wanted the French church to be reformed but argued that such a reform needed to be conducted at the episcopal level.
Bibliography
J. Farge, Orthodoxy and Reform in Early Reformation France, 1985.
M. Veissiere, L'eveque Guillaume Briconnet (1470-1534), 1986.
Andrew G. Traver

Renaissance and Reformation 1500-1620: A Biographical Dictionary. . 2001.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Briçonnet, Guillaume — ▪ French bishop born c. 1472 died Jan. 24, 1534, Saint Germain des Prés, France       influential Roman Catholic reformer, one of the most energetic personalities in the French church at the beginning of the Reformation.       Briçonnet was the… …   Universalium

  • Briconnet, Guillaume — (1445 1514)    cardinal    A trusted adviser to charles vii and later louis xi, Guillaume Briconnet, after the death of his wife, became bishop of Saint Malo, archbishop of Reims, and later of Narbonne, and cardinal. It was said that Charles VII… …   France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present

  • Guillaume Briconnet (1470-1534) — Guillaume Briçonnet (1470 1534) Pour les articles homonymes, voir Briçonnet. Guillaume Briçonnet, né en 1470 à Paris et mort le 24 janvier 1534 au château d’Esmans près de Montereau[1], est un ecclésiastique français, qui joue un rôle important… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Briçonnet — est un nom de famille notamment porté par : Claude Briçonnet, évêque de Nîmes de 1554 à 1561. Denis Briçonnet (†1535), évêque de Toulon, puis de Saint Malo et de Lodève, fils de Guillaume Briçonnet (1445 1514) François Briçonnet :… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Guillaume Briçonnet (Bischof) — Briçonnet Guillaume Briçonnet (* 1470 in Paris; † 24. Januar 1534 in Aimans (heute: Esmans) bei Montereau Fault Yonne im damaligen Burgund) war ein reformatorisch gesinnter französischer Bischof. Leben Er war der Soh …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • BRIÇONNET (G.) — BRIÇONNET GUILLAUME (1472 env. 1534) Ecclésiastique qui se trouva jouer un rôle important dans les questions religieuses du début du XVIe siècle (les relations entre le pouvoir royal et la papauté, les querelles autour de l’humanisme et de la… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Briconnet — Briconnet, Guillaume, gewöhnlich der Cardinal; geb. zu Tours, war Generaldirector der Finanzen unter Ludwig XI. u. Finanzminister unter Karl VIII., den er auf seinem Zuge gegen Neapel begleitete; er wurde nach dem Tode seiner Gemahlin Geistlicher …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Guillaume Briçonnet (1445-1514) — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Briçonnet. Guillaume Briçonnet Guillaume Briçonnet couronne Louis XII dans la Cathédrale de Reims …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Guillaume Briçonnet (1470-1534) — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Briçonnet. Guillaume Briçonnet Biographie …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Guillaume Briçonnet — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Pour les articles homonymes, voir Briçonnet. Guillaume Briçonnet (1445 1514), le Cardinal de Saint Malo, archevêque de Reims, puis de Narbonne Guillaume… …   Wikipédia en Français


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.